VirtualBox(开源免费虚拟机软件)

VirtualBox(开源免费虚拟机软件)

V5.2.16 Build 123759中文多语免费版

  • 2018-07-18
  • 简体中文
  • 3分
  • 434下载
此为PC软件,请到PC端下载

VirtualBox是一款功能非常强大的免费虚拟机软件,VirtualBox 是由德国 Innotek 公司开发,拥有有益的性能,并且VirtualBox的操作非常的简单易懂,这款VirtualBox免费虚拟机可以在不同的操作系统上操作如:Windows,Solaris 及Linux都是支持的!非常的棒!

软件介绍

VirtualBox 中文免费版号称是最强的免费虚拟机软件,它不仅具有丰富的特色,而且性能也很优异!它简单易用,可虚拟的系统包括 Windows(从Windows 3.1 到 Windows 8、Windows Server 2012,所有的 Windows 系统都支持)、Mac OS X(32bit和64bit都支持)、Linux(2.4和2.6)、OpenBSD、Solaris、IBM OS2甚至Android 4.0系统等操作系统!使用者可以在VirtualBox上安装并且运行上述的这些操作系统! 与同性质的 VMware 及 Virtual PC 比较下,VirtualBox 便携版独到之处包括远端桌面协定(RDP)、iSCSI及USB的支持,VirtualBox在客户端操作系统上已可以支持USB 2.0的硬件装置,不过要安装 VirtualBox Extension Pack。

VirtualBox 主要特点

– VirtualBox 支持64位客户端操作系统,即使主机使用32位CPU

– VirtualBox 支持SATA硬盘NCQ技术

– 虚拟硬盘快照

– 无缝视窗模式(须安装客户端驱动)

– 能够在主机端与客户端共享剪贴簿(须安装客户端驱动)

– 在主机端与客户端间建立分享文件夹(须安装客户端驱动)

– 内建远端桌面服务器,实现单机多用户 - 支持VMware VMDK磁盘档及Virtual PC VHD磁盘档格式

– 3D虚拟化技术支持OpenGL(2.1版后支持)、Direct3D(3.0版后支持)、WDDM(4.1版后支持)

– 最多虚拟32颗CPU(3.0版后支持)

– VirtualBox 支持VT-x与AMD-V硬件虚拟化技术

– iSCSI支持

– USB与USB2.0支持

创建虚拟机

在VirtualBox中创建虚拟机相当简单,很多设置可以按照用户个人的喜好进行配置。一旦安装了客户操作系统并选择了资源和网卡设置,就可以尝试在小环境或开发环境中使用VirtualBox了。

总体来说,在VirtualBox中创建虚拟机分三步:

1. 为创建VirtualBox虚拟机做准备

首先,命名虚拟机并选择将要运行的客户操作系统类型。此时选择的客户OS会影响之后向导中出现的默认设置。

接下来,配置计划分配给每个虚拟机的内存大小。VirtualBox不支持内存过量使用,所以不能给一个虚拟机分配超过主机内存大小的内存值。

最后一个步骤是创建虚拟磁盘并指定虚拟机磁盘文件的类型和大小。在Oracle VM VirtualBox中,你可以选择动态扩展的磁盘或者固定大小的磁盘。动态磁盘起始值较小,随着客户操作系统写入数据到磁盘而逐渐增加。对于固定磁盘类型来说,所有的磁盘空间在虚拟机创建阶段一次性分配。之后也可以给虚拟机增加磁盘,或者使用VBoxManage命令行工具增加磁盘大小。

2. 安装VirtualBox客户操作系统

一旦完成了VirtualBox虚拟机创建向导,就可以开始安装客户操作系统了。为了挂载客户操作系统光盘,选择虚拟机,单击设置,开始编辑虚拟机硬件配置。

(1)选择左边面板中“存储”选项.

(2)选择“存储”选项下的CD/DVD图形。

(3)选择属性视图下带箭头的CD/DVD图形配置虚拟的CD/DVD驱动器。

客户操作系统安装完成后,应该安装增强功能包,增强功能包包括一些便于集成主机和虚拟机的驱动程序。为安装增强功能包,需要打开虚拟机控制台窗口,在顶部菜单中选择设备,然后选择安装增强功能包,启动一个简单的安装向导。增强功能包安装完成后,会重启虚拟机。

3. 在VirtualBox中设置虚拟机

虚拟机关闭时,可以编辑虚拟机设置并更改硬件。VirtualBox具有高级硬件设置特性,启用了IO APIC、PAE/NX和嵌套分页。用户还可以修改虚拟CPU的数量—最多支持32个—不用管主机具有的物理CPU的核数。

最后配置虚拟网卡。VirtualBox允许在一个虚拟机上配置至多四块虚拟网卡。默认的是AMD PCnet-FAST III,大多数操作系统都支持AMD PCnet-FAST III。也可以选择AMD PCnet-PCI II和Intel PRO-1000系列的网卡,以及支持直接存取主机网卡的准虚拟化网卡。

更新日志

VirtualBox 5.2.16 更新日志

This is a maintenance release. The following items were fixed and/or added:

OVF: case insensitive comparison of manifest attribute values, to improve compatibility (bug #17357)

Linux: build for openSUSE 15.0 (bug #17554)

Linux: various build fixes for distribution builds, thank you Gianfranco Costmagna

VirtualBox 5.2.14 更新日志

This is a maintenance release. The following items were fixed and/or added:

User interface: fixed a segmentation fault when accessing the interface through VNC (bug #16348)

User interface: X11: handle repeating keys on the host system correctly (bug #1296, previously fixed, 5.1.0 regression)

VMM: Fixed emulation of the undocumented SALC instruction

VMM: Fixed emulation of so-called “huge unreal mode” (bug #17744); this in practice only affected Intel CPUs with VT-x without unrestricted execution.

Keyboard: The PS/2 keyboard emulation has been corrected to not queue partial scan code sequences (bug #17709); this problem was likely only visible on Linux hosts due to losing the fix for bug #1296

Storage: Fixed CUE file support to correct REM keyword parsing (bug #17783)

USB: Fixed a problem where the emulated xHCI device under very rare circumstances failed to report an empty isochronous transfer ring error, causing the transfers on the corresponding endpoint to stop.

Audio: fixed Linux kernel log flooding (bug #17759)

Apple hosts: make kernel driver load with Mac OS Mojave pre-release (bug #17805).

Linux guests: made vboxvideo driver build with kernel 4.17 (bug #17801) and with pre-3.14 and EL 7.1 kernels (bug #17771)

VirtualBox 5.2.6 更新日志

This is a maintenance release. The following items were fixed and/or added:

User interface: Adjusting desktop file for X11 window managers (bug #17312)

User interface: various high resolution display adjustments

Audio: fixed SB16 volume handling (5.2 regression)

Audio: various fixes

USB/OHCI: fixed a problem where OHCI emulation might sporadically drop data transfers

Linux hosts: fixed screen corruption when the host screen changes and a virtual machine window is maximized

X11 Guest Additions: fixed a hang at the GNOME Shell login screen with 3D enabled (5.2 regression, bugs #17189 and #17190)

VirtualBox 5.2.2 更新日志

This is a maintenance release. The following items were fixed and/or added:

User interface: various improvements for high resolution screens

User interface: added functionality to duplicate optical and floppy images

User interface: various improvements for the virtual media manager

VMM: fixed emulation so that Plan 9 guests can start once more (5.1.0 regression)

Storage: fixed regression breaking iSCSI (bug #17196)

Audio: added HDA support for more exotic guests (e.g. Haiku)

Serial: fixed hanging I/O when using named pipes on Windows (5.2.0 regression; bug #17227)

Serial: fixed broken communication with certain devices on Linux hosts

USB/OHCI: improved behavior so that the controller state after a VM reset is closer to the initial state after VM start

EFI: fixed HFS+ driver which in rare cases failed to access most files on a volume

Shared clipboard: fixed hang with OS X host and Linux guest (bug #15782)

Linux hosts: fixed kernel module compilation and start failures with Linux kernel 4.14 (bug #17267)

X11 hosts: better handle WM_CLASS setting (bug #12534)

Linux guests: fixed kernel module compilation and other problems with Linux kernel 4.14 (bug #12534)

Linux guests: fixed kernel module compilation and other problems with Linux kernel 4.14

Linux guests: fixed various 5.2.0 regressions (bug #17163)

Bridged networking: fixed duplicate EtherType in VLAN/priority tags on Linux (5.2.0 regression; bug #17277)

VirtualBox 5.1.26 Build 117224 更新日志

This is a maintenance release. The following items were fixed and/or added:

VMM: reset the TSC on VM reset to work around a Windows bug (bug #16643)

Audio: fixed memory leak when enabled with VRDP connections (5.1.24 regression; bug #16928)

Audio: fixed creation of too many sound sinks on Linux hosts when using the PulseAudio backend (bug #16938)

Audio: implemented record gain registers for AC’97 emulation; those are needed for newer Ubuntu guests which rely on those when controlling gain and muting the recording (capturing) levels

Storage: fixed hang when using the emulated NVMe controller with the SPDK (bug #16945)

Mouse: double click was not working with a precision touchpad (bug #14632)

Linux hosts: properly bring up host-only network interfaces with iproute (5.1.24 regression; bug #16911)

Linux hosts: provide Python 3 libraries for deb/rpm packages

Windows hosts: make it possible to use host-only networking without having bridged networking installed

Windows guests: fixed automatic logons for Vista and newer Windows guests (5.1.24 regression; bug #16921)

小编点评

VirtualBox可是一款非常难得的免费虚拟机哦!而且还可以支持不同的操作系统哦!